Trading with Adversaries: Policy Solutions for Supply Chain Security

The United Kingdom buys technology products from China, as does everyone else. It is realistic to expect China to try to establish as much intelligence (and military) superiority over the UK and others as possible. It is technically possible for China to use vulnerabilities in products and services originating in China to achieve that goal. Hence, the UK and others face a kind of a security dilemma.

One popular policy narrative is that a new China-West “cold war” over technology is inevitable (or even desirable) and that countries like the UK should move fast to “decouple” their supply chains from China. To be clear, China faces a symmetrical security dilemma in respect to technology originating outside of China. What are the possible policy responses?


Mikolaj Barczentewicz is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Public Law and Legal Theory at the University of Surrey School of Law. He works on legal and ethical issues associated with new technologies (in particular, artificial intelligence). He previously taught at Oxford University.

Mikolaj studied law and philosophy at Oxford University and at the University of Warsaw. Before his graduate studies at Oxford, he was a lawyer specializing in EU law and regulation in the Warsaw office of DZP, a leading law firm, and also a law and policy expert at the FOR Foundation, a prominent Polish NGO founded by Professor Leszek Balcerowicz.


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