Cyber threat reporting sits at a dichotomy. On the one hand, much furor is made of the role of non-state actors – the way in which criminal groups, proxies, hacktivists and even individuals can have an outsized impact in the threat that they pose. On the other hand, discussion of state campaigns is largely restricted to a handful or prevalent (and typically advanced) actors, with reporting focused on the usual suspects of Russia, China, Iran and North Korea. Yet, for an industry that has brought attention to both advanced state campaigns and script kiddies, the space in between remains chronically under-analyzed. In his blog post for Digital Shadows, Centre Research Affiliate Jamie Collier seeks to redress this imbalance by exploring the emerging role of non-traditional state actors.