Linking Cyber Strategy with Grand Strategy: the Case of the United States
23 August 2018
Valentin Weber's article in The Journal for Cyber Policy argues that a link between U.S. cyber strategy and U.S. grand strategy is largely missing.
Even though U.S. cyber strategy documents contain higher political goals, they do not meet other criteria that indicate links to a grand strategy, such as a unified list of geopolitical challenges, a balance of ends and means, the integration of military, economic and political means, and the provision of a strategic narrative. Thereby, the documents leave the articulation of grand strategy at the initial stages and do not develop it further. The lack of grand strategy in cyberspace is also visible in U.S. tactical behaviour. The three chosen case studies show that the various U.S. military, economic and political actions taking place under the Obama administration were isolated from each other. Hence, they failed to create a combined impact greater than the sum of their separate effects. This study fills the demonstrated gap in U.S. strategy and concludes by presenting a cyber strategy that is integrated into U.S. grand strategy.